**Heaven Breasts and Heaven Calculus**

Since the birth of mankind, human beings have been looking for the origin of life. The fact that human history is the history of warfare and cannibalism proves that humans have not identified their origin. Humanity is still in the dark phase of lower animals. Humans can see the phenomenon of life only on Earth, and humans’ vision does not exceed the one of lower animals. However, it is a fact that human beings have inherited the most advanced gene of life. Humans should be able to answer the following questions: Is the Universe hierarchical? What is Heaven? Is Heaven the origin of life? Is Heaven a higher order of life? For more than a decade, I have done an in-depth study on barred galaxy structure. Today (September 17, 2012) I suddenly discovered that the characteristic structure of barred spiral galaxies resembles the breasts of human female essentially. If the rational structure conjecture presented in the article is proved then Sun must be a mirror of the universe, and mankind is exactly the physical image on earth of the Heaven.

For the last seven years, I have propagated the result of my study on galaxy structure. Spiral galaxies are flat-shaped. As I said before, the shorter-wavelength images of spiral galaxies show the phenomenon of living things such as flying clouds of dust and gas, spectacular birth of stars. Longer-wavelength images of spiral galaxies demonstrate the smooth structure of overall stellar distribution. Galaxy structure is natural one, and a natural structure is an uneven distribution of matter. Galaxy structure is the pattern of stellar density varying with spatial position. How to describe the spatial change of a matter distribution? Fortunately, Newton and Leibniz discovered Calculus over three hundred years ago. Calculus is essentially the mathematical description of matter change. Because Newton and Leibniz’s calculus is applicable to the description of stellar density change in galaxy structure, I call Newton and Leibniz’s calculus the Heaven Calculus.

For more than seven years, I have tried hard to tell the public world that galaxy structure is harmonic and rational. My only assumption is that galaxy structure is constructed from a vascular network. That is, the stellar densities at both sides of any blood vessel are proportional along the vessel. This vascular network is composed of two clusters of parallel curves. The curves from the two clusters are mutually orthogonal.

The spiral galaxies which have no bars are called the ordinary spirals. The basic structure of ordinary spirals is an axisymmetric disk whose stellar density decreases exponentially outwards from the galaxy center. Exponential disks are rational structure. Their vascular network consists of all golden spirals. Coincidentally, astronomical observations show that the spiral arms of ordinary spiral galaxies are all golden spirals.

For more than seven years, I have tried hard to tell the public world that the bars of barred spiral galaxies are rational too. The bar of a barred galaxy is composed of two or three pairs of double-humped structures. Today (September 17, 2012), I suddenly realized that the double-humped structure resembles the breasts of human females very much. From now on, I call the double-humped structure the double-breast structure, or the Heaven Breasts. The vascular network of Heaven Breasts consists of all confocal ellipses and confocal hyperbolas. Here, I present two conjectures to the public world, and hope that the conjectures will be proved or disproved in some day.

**Ellipse-Hyperbola Conjecture:** Elliptical and hyperbolic curves are the basic properties of all natural things.

**Rational Structure Conjecture:** Heaven Breasts is the only non-axisymmetric rational structure. In other words, any non-axisymmetric rational structure is either a Heaven Breasts itself or a superimposed structure of a number of Heaven Breasts and a special axisymmetric rational structure.

If Rational Structure Conjecture is proved, then humans must admit that the Universe is hierarchical, galaxies are the real life, Heaven does exist, and Heaven is the life of superior level. Mankind must also recognize that the Milky Way galaxy is the mother of human beings both materially and spiritually.

The left panel of Figure 1 is the planar graph of double-breast structure, and the right panel is its corresponding 3-dimensional demonstration. The graph and demonstration are based on the Galaxy Anatomy graphic software [1]

(http://www.galaxyanatomy.com/, currently people can purchase the software via Paypal). Note that Figure 1 is the direct density demonstration of Heaven Breasts. However, the demonstration in the software is not directly the density. It is the squared stellar density. This is because squared density helps make a better display of galaxy structure. Figure 2 is the demonstration of the vascular network in Heaven Breasts. They are mutually orthogonal confocal-ellipses and hyperbolas. In the following Sections, I prove that the rational structure which corresponds to confocal ellipses and hyperbolas must be the Heaven Breasts. In other words, the stellar densities at both sides of any ellipse or any hyperbola are proportional along the curve.

http://vixra.org/pdf/1209.0072v1.pdf

Because of its recognization by Vatican, the Big Bang Theory needs to be fully analyzed.

On a previous blog I talked about what is the general theory of relativity:

General Relativity is very simple. It is equivalent to one sentence:

There exists one and only one local inertial reference frame at any point of a spacetime manifold.

This is similar to the situation that

There exists one and only one local tangent plane at any point of a surface.

This single sentence is the famous Equivalence Principle of Einstein. It says: gravity is basically different from the other three interactions; gravitation can be cancelled out through the transformation of reference frames!

Einstein is right. Our body is subject and accustomed to the interaction of gravity on a daily basis. If you seek to get rid of gravity, it is simple. You get into an elevator and let the elevator fall at the speed of gravitational acceleration, then you feel no gravity. This elevator is an example of inertial reference frame where no gravity is present to any particle inside. Of course, you jump down from a tree, and your body suffers no action of gravity, but your fear of injury blocks all your wonderful feeling of weightlessness.

However, the weightless reference frame must be the local one. Einstein’s general theory of relativity allows only local reference frames. For example, if the human body was as big as the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, the body would feel the action of gravity: the man would feel lightheaded or distorted.

If General Relativity was real, any global inertial reference frame would not exist in the reality.

Einstein changed gravity into a geometric thing: a small particle at gravitational interaction is equivalent to the one without interaction but living in a curved space-time!

For a curved space-time, there exist always the local tangent PLANEs which are the above-said local inertial reference frames.

However, life creation is a dynamic stuff. Women who have given birth to a child, know that baby birth is a dynamic thing and needs strength. High school students know that Newton’s first, second, and third laws are kinemaic thing, not dynamical ones. Newton proposed only one dynamical law in his whole life: the law of universal gravitation. Likewise, Hydromechanics is a kinematic stuff. All equations in Hydromechanics, e.g., Bernoulli’s equation, Navier-Stokes’ equation, are based on the principle of matter conservation. They are not dynamical equations. If someone could find a dynamical equation of earthquakes, then I would kneel down and admit he is my God!

Einstein wanted to become God, and deepened the curved-spacetime theory of gravity into a dynamical one. Einstein simulated Newton’s law of gravitation, and spent almost a decade’s time to build the dynamic equation. This is the Einstein field equation. The left side of the equation is the curvature tensor of curved spacetime while the right side is the energy-momentum tensor of real matter. Of course, its only guiding principle, i.e., its only connection to the natural world, is the point of view that the small-curvature limit of the equation is Newton’s law of gravitation.

However, the astronomical testification of general relativity played a trick: physicists secretly agree that the solar system admits a global inertial reference frame!

We can check out any textbook of astronomical testification of general relativity. Those textbooks claim that the curviliear coordinates x, y, z, r,t are directly the spatial distances or temporal interval. That is, x, y, z, t, etc. are global distances of global flat inertial reference frames!

This is contrary to the basic assumption of Einstein General Relativity. The basic assumption is that curved spacetime can not admit global inertial reference frame! In general relativity, the global physical quantity, e.g., the overall distance or time, must be the result of global path integration of the spacetime metric!

The concept of curved space-time is not a dynamical stuff. Curved space-time is just a stage. The people singing and dancing on the stage are dynamical ones.

In fact, all cosmological theories have a common assumption: the matter-energy distribution in the universe is homogeneous and isotropic. With the assumption, the left side of Einstein field equation does admit a solution, and the solution is the basis of The Big Bang theory of the universe!

I have already said that the curved space-time is just a stage. Could the curved spacetime of uniform matter distribution demonstrate any dynamic behavior? Yesterday, I took a view of Wiki pages, and found out that physicists admit that the Big Bang theory can not give any dynamical behavior of matter in the universe:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedmann%E2%80%93Lema%C3%AEtre%E2%80%93Robertson%E2%80%93Walker_metric

“Because the FLRW model assumes homogeneity, some popular accounts mistakenly assert that the big bang model cannot account for the observed lumpiness of the universe. In a strictly FLRW model, there are no clusters of galaxies, stars or people, since these are objects much denser than a typical part of the universe. ”

Well, if Big Bang theory can not give any dynamical behavior, can it give any kinematic behavior. See my cosmology paper for a better understanding of this point of view [1]:

“The universe is full of materials most of which are galaxies. Observations show that the materials are uniformly distributed at large scales. They move with respect to each other. Today’s Big Bang cosmology is based on the assumption that the motion have no absolute reference. If there were no absolute reference then the universe would be unknowable and there would be no law in the observational data about the large-scale universe. However, several years after Einstein had proposed his general relativity and cosmology, Hubble discovered an important law about the universe, called the Hubble redshift law. It says that distant galaxies issue redshifted spectra which are proportional to their respective distances from earth. Big Bang cosmology assumes that galaxies ran away from us and the expansion led to the redshifts as runaway trains give the static audience the sound waves of weaker frequencies. However, if there were no convergent movement among the distant galaxies then some galaxies would move towards the earth at fantastic speeds. The speeds would be so large that they would overwhelm the expansion and hit the earth directly. In that case, the galaxies would issue blueshifted spectra rather than redshifted ones. However, distant galaxies always present redshifted spectra and the redshifts are proportional to their distances from Earth. ”

It turns out that the Big Bang theory of life creation requires that every particle in the universe (galaxies, etc.) be still!! There is no relative movement between any two particles in the universe. Even the things of kinematics do not exist in the theory:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comoving_coordinates #Comoving_coordinates

“Most large lumps of matter, such as galaxies, are nearly comoving, ie, their peculiar velocities (due to gravitational attraction) are low.

The comoving time coordinate is the elapsed time since the Big Bang according to a clock of a comoving observer and is a measure of cosmological time. The comoving spatial coordinates tell us where an event occurs while cosmological time tells us when an event occurs. Together, they form a complete coordinate system, giving us both the location and time of an event.

Space in comoving coordinates is usually referred to as being “static”, as most bodies on the scale of galaxies or larger are approximately comoving, and comoving bodies have static, unchanging comoving coordinates. So for a given pair of comoving galaxies, while the proper distance between them would have been smaller in the past and will become larger in the future due to the expansion of space, the comoving distance between them remains constant at all times. ”

You might ask a question: Since the Big Bang theory demonstrates dead and still matter, what are the many cosmologists doing? How do they describe the origin of galaxies?

As a honest scientist in Mathematics, high energy theoretical physics, and astrophysics, I tell you the truth: those cosmologists are using Hydromechanics (a kinematical stuff) to explain galaxy formation, dust creation, and the origin of life. They have been recognized by Vatican.

References:

[1] He J. viXra: 1101.0077 http://vixra.org/pdf/1101.0077v1.pdf

Today is Aug 20th 2012. For the first time in my life, I show off to the English blog world my existence. It is totally a new business. I am learning!

Sorry, I forgot to say ‘Hello, This is Jin He’!